- By being a member of the Landsraad, the member owns zir own seat in the Landsraad (“the seat”). A member is titled, if a man, Lord Elector of the Imperial Republic, or, if a woman, Lady Elector of the Imperial Republic.
- A member can only be separated from zir seat by dying, by gifting the seat to another citizen, by losing citizenship, by resigning the seat, or by forefeiting the seat. A member's seat is forefeited upon the member's failure to attend the session in the Landsraad for four continuous (Norton) years. Upon resignation or forefeiture, the seat is destroyed.
- Upon the death of a member, zir seat is transferred to zir legitimate issue, with preference to the older and their descendants over the younger and their descendants, not counting any non-citizens, unless a last will and testament should provide that some other citizen should inherit the seat.
- A member may by communicating to the Prætor appoint a representative for a given time for zir seat. The representative shall have, for the duration of zir representation, the full rights associated to that seat.
- The Kaiser shall appoint a representative for any child under the age of 15 who may own a seat. No child under the age of 15 may take part in the deliberations of the Landsraad.
- The owner decides zir seat’s name.
- Upon loss of citizenship of a member, zir seat is destroyed.
- The Prætor shall record the seat and zir owner, and any transactions made to that seat, as well as any representatives for that seat.
- Should any person at any given point in time own more than one seats, zir seats shall permanently merge to become one seat.
- The Kaiser may create and grant a seat for a citizen of the Imperial Republic.
- The Landsraad may, by resolution of three quarters' majority, cause a member's forefeiture of a seat.
(Amended X.1654, IX.1666, X.1669)
Section 2. Presiding officer.
(a) The Prætor presides over the Landsraad in all matters. The Prætor shall be authorized to appoint a deputy prætor to assist the Prætor in matters that shall be delegated to the deputy. The Prætor shall not vote unless to break a tie. Similarly, the deputy prætor shall not vote when presiding unless it is to break a tie.
(b) When the Landsraad has no Prætor in office, the Kaiser (or the Ruling Steward) or zir appointed deputy prætor shall preside, provided, however, that the Kaiser (or Ruling Steward) or zir appointed deputy shall hold no vote except in ties in those proceedings.
(c) Whenever these Procedures refer to the Prætor, it shall be applicable to the Kaiser (or the Ruling Steward) and presiding deputy prætor if necessary and applicable.
Section 3. Elections.
In any election with two candidates, the candidate receiving a plurality of votes shall be elected. In confirmation elections (that it to say when there is only one candidate), the candidate must enjoy the favour of the Landsraad, in the form of a plurality of AYE votes, in order to be confirmed.
In any election of three or more candidates, the instant-runoff voting (also known as the alternative vote) shall be used.
Section 4. Acts of the Landsraad.
Laws passed by the Landsraad are known as Acts of Landsraad. Bills must be codified so as to amend the Imperial Code of Law. No two or more rival bills may all be considered by the Landsraad at the same time.
Section 5. Voting.
(a) The Prætor shall open voting on any bill or resolution placed before the Landsraad no sooner than twenty-four hours after its original posting.
(b) If a bill or resolution is amended prior to a vote, the vote may be opened no sooner than twenty-four hours after the amendment is made. Each successive amendment shall extend the voting moratorium accordingly.
(c) Debate can continue during a vote, but no amendments may be made.
(d) The only acceptable votes are ones in favour (AYE/YEA/etc.), ones against (NAY/etc.), and ones abstaining (PRESENT/etc.)
(e) Voting shall last for no less than three days, and no more than seven days, provided however that the Prætor may at zir discretion close the vote on a proposal early if a majority of members have voted for or against the proposal.
(f) The vote may be closed at the discretion of the Prætor.
Section 6. Treaties.
All treaties ratified by the Landsraad shall be recorded in its journals by the Prætor. The Prætor attests to the ratification.
Section 7. Resolutions.
Resolutions adopted by the Landsraad shall be recorded in its journals by the Prætor. The Prætor attests to the adoption and represents the Landsraad before other bodies.
Section 8. By-laws and Interpretation.
(a) The Prætor makes by-laws under these Procedures when a matter is unclear.
(b) The Prætor interprets the Procedures.
Section 9. Amendments.
Amendments to these Procedures are made by simple majority.
Section 10. Decorum.
All Members of the Landsraad shall be required to maintain appropriate decorum at all times, and may be suspended or expelled for failing to do so.
(as of X.1669)